The origin of cookies can be traced back to 7th century Persia (present-day Iran), where they were known as "koulourakia" and were made with a mixture of flour, sugar, and honey. These early cookies were often shaped into small balls or twists and were typically flavored with spices like cinnamon and anise. They were also sometimes shaped into crescent or other shapes that represented the sun, moon, or other celestial bodies.
Cookies made their way to Europe through the Muslim Moors in Spain, and were later introduced to the New World by Dutch settlers in the 17th century. In America, cookies were made with butter rather than honey, and were known as "tea cakes" or "sweet cakes." They were often served as a sweet accompaniment to tea or coffee.
The modern cookie, as we know it today, was invented in the 19th century with the invention of the cookie cutter and the addition of baking powder as a leavening agent. This allowed for cookies to be made in a variety of shapes and sizes, and with a variety of flavors and ingredients.
Nowadays, cookies come in many different varieties, such as chocolate chip, oatmeal, sugar, and many more. They are a popular snack and dessert around the world, enjoyed by people of all ages.